Six are the communes of the island: Ischia, Casamicciola Terme, Lacco Ameno, Forio, Serrara Fontana and Barano, with about 50.000 inhabitants.
Ischia is the most important. Into the harbour area is the trading part of the town and another important area is that one around the "Castello Aragonese" which is called "Ischia Ponte", a picturesque ancient fisher's village. The evocative Ischia's harbour was originally the crater of a volcanonow extinct and sunk which originated a lake. It remained a lake until 1854 when the King Ferdinand of Bourbon ordered to force a passage opening the harbour. In the area of Ischia happened the last volcanic event on the island: in 1301 from a crater opened in the Fiaiano's area and a lava flow run down to the sea, covering houses and fields, giving origin to the actual "Punta Molino". It was such a longue and violent phenomenon that the inhabitants left the isle for two years. Owing to this in 1853 the Bourbon realized a reafforestation of pine-wood forest in that area we can still admire today .
On the northen side is situated Forio where there are a lot of evocative areas of naturalistic interest. Its territory is particulary for wine industry : the 60% about of the island's wine production come from these areas. Near Forio we can find two wonderful beaches , Citara and Cava dell'isola, and also very important thermal sources in Citara and in the bay of Sorgeto, where it's possible to take a warm bath all year round.
Casamicciola Terme was famous and renowned in past times as a thermal area for its specially pure and beneficient waters. During 1800 Casamicciola's thermal baths were frequented by a lot of very important people. This town is famous also becauseit was struck by many disasters like a terrible earthquake in 1883, in which there were enormous damages and almost 1/3 of the inhabitants of the island died . Nowadays Casamicciola is still the island's place with the highest seismic danger place of the island, because it's situated on a deep underground fault. Behind the centre of the town there are pine forest and chestnut woods and pathways to climb up the Epomeo mountain.
In Lacco Ameno there are also important thermal baths (terme Rizzoli); this town has an ancient past, infact there are found the remains of greek civilization which dates back to year 757 b.C.. During the sixties when Prof. Bruchner, an archeologist, which conducted the excavations the rest of a necropolis and many evidences of the Eubei's presence, ancient greek colonizing people were found. Moreover there is a little museumin which is possible to visit the crypt of S. Restituta's Church, where are kept secret catacombs and remains of an old palaeocristian cathedral.
Serrara Fontana and Barano are situated above the sea-level. Their characteristic is a tipical mountain territory where a lot of pathways leading to the top of Epomeo Mountain start. These towns have nevertheless their coast areas: the evocative little village of Sant'Angelo, where it's possible to see the ever active fumaroles; Maronti beach, the largest of the island with the creeks of Cava Scura and Olmitello.
Mezzatorre Resort & Spa Near Forio d’Ischia, perched atop the cliffs in the midst of a thick pine grove of seven hectares, in one of the most enchanting and still unspoiled corners of Mediterranean maquis ...
Visitare S. Angelo è certamente una meravigliosa esperienza. Alla costa è attaccato un grazioso sobborgo, un tempo primitivo villaggio di pescatori, mentre troneggiante verso il mare si stacca una penisoletta detta «Torre di S. Angelo». Come una grande gobba ... (Sant'Angelo)